YOUTHFUL FOLLY / Meng
Hexagram: 04 Binary Sequence: 34 (100010)
Upper trigram: 3 (4) KeN / Keeping Still / Mountain
Lower trigram: 2 (2) K'AN / The Abysmal / Water
- (4) Emptying / EMPTYING represents the dissipation and movement of energy via matter. It is the source of order out of chaos. EMPTYING is one of the three trigrams that is an ORIGINATING SOURCE. ( music, creation of the elements, heat)
- Emptying represents the dissipation and movement of energy via matter. It is the source of order out of chaos. It is the final outward deflation that returns to the initial chaos from which everything is born. Instances of this are music, creation of the elements, death.
The trigram shows the yin energy overtaking the center, making this trigram yin in nature. EMPTYING is one of the three trigrams that is an ORIGINATING SOURCE.
The quadrant of FIRE and EARTH is one of final descension, or external yin, where the energy of FIRE quickly dies. This is external because it is FIRE transitioning to EARTH, and descending because the energy of creation is waning, but in the process matter is restructured (or born). This is the process that transforms energy to mass (m=E/c^2^).
- Negotiation: In the dynamic between FIRE and EARTH, FIRE is always dependent on EARTH.
- Definition: FIRE can only find expression in EARTH, just like energy can only be experienced via matter. Therefore, the limitations on the expression of FIRE are determined by the yin quality of EARTH.
- Contribution: The restructuring of EARTH by FIRE is what brings everything into existence.
- (2) WATER / WATER is the symbol of yang energy penetrating the yin at its core. ( movement, nouirishment)
- WATER represents the movement from dark to light, yin to yang, lifelessness to life. It is cardinal, spring equinox, ascending, the perfect balance of lessening yin and increasing yang. Instance of this are electricity, nourishment, cleansing, rivers.
The quadrant of WATER exists between the dynamic properties of FILLING and COLLECTING and represents the balance between the yin and yang. that is achieved when yang penetrates the yin at is center. The oceans and lakes have filled and are stagnant until the rivers form which serves to collect the water to return it to its cycles.. It is the most inward moving of all the states.
The trigram shows the symbol of yang energy penetrating the yin at its core.
- Negotiation: Water cedes to whatever holds it.
- Definition: The movement of water is what gives it it power.
- Contribution: it is the yielding quality of water that is its contributions. If always follows the path of least resistance, is used by every form of life and Nature itself, and is then returned, essentially unchanged. It takes nothing, and gives everything.
YOUTHFUL FOLLY has success.
It is not
I who seek the young fool; The young fool seeks me.
At the first oracle
I inform him.
If he asks two or three times, it is importunity.
If he importunes, I give him no information.
An Explanation of the Judgment In the time of youth, folly is not an evil. One may succeed in spite of it,provided one finds an experienced teacher and has the right attitude toward him. This means, first of all, that the youth himself must be conscious of his lack of experience and must seek out the teacher. Without this modesty and this interest there is no guarantee that he has the necessary receptivity,which should express itself in respectful acceptance of the teacher. This is the reason why the teacher must wait to be sought out instead of offering himself. Only thus can the instruction take place at the right time and in the right way. A teacher's answer to the question of a pupil ought to be clear and definite like that expected from an oracle; thereupon it ought to be accepted as a key for resolution of doubts and a basis for decision. If mistrustful or unintelligent questioning is kept up, it serves only to annoy the teacher. He does well to ignore it in silence, just as the oracle gives one answer only and refuses to be tempted by questions implying doubt. Given addition a perseverance that never slackens until the points are mastered one by one,real success is sure to follow. Thus the hexagram counsels the teacher as well as the pupil.
The 'IMAGE' of the hexagram A spring wells up at the foot of the mountain: The image of YOUTH. Thus the superior man fosters his character By thoroughness in all that he does.
An Explanation of the 'IMAGE' A spring succeeds in flowing on and escapes stagnation by filling up all the hollow places in its path. In the same way character is developed by thoroughness that skips nothing but, like water, gradually and steadily fills up all gaps and so flows onward.
The Six Lines
Six at the beginning means:
To make a fool develop
It furthers one to apply discipline.
The fetters should be removed.
To go on in this way bring humiliation.
Commentary on the line Law is the beginning of education. Youth in its inexperience is inclined at first to take everything carelessly and playfully. It must be shown the seriousness of life. A certain measure of taking oneself in hand, brought about by strict discipline, is a good thing. He who plays with life never amounts to anything. However, discipline should not degenerate into drill.Continuous drill has a humiliating effect and cripples a man's powers.
Nine in the second place means:
To bear with fools in kindliness brings good fortune,
To know how to take women
Brings good fortune,
The son is capable of taking charge of the household.
Commentary on the line These lines picture a man who has no external power, but who has enough strength of mind to bear his burden of responsibility. He has the inner superiority and that enable him to tolerate with kindliness the shortcomings of human folly. The same attitude is owed to women as the weaker sex. One must understand them and give them recognition in a spirit of chivalrous consideration. Only this combination of inner strength with outer reserve enables one to take on the responsibility of directing a larger social body with real success.
Six in the third place means:
Take not a maiden who.
When she sees a man of bronze.
Loses possession of herself.
Commentary on the line A weak, inexperienced man, struggling to rise, easily loses his own individuality when he slavishly imitates a strong personality of higher station. He is like a girl throwing herself away when she meets a strong man.Such a servile approach should not be encouraged, because it is bad both for the youth and the teacher. A girl owes it to her dignity to wait until she is wooed. In both cases it is undignified to offer oneself, and no good comes of accepting such an offer.
Six in the fourth place means:
Entangled folly bring humiliation.
Commentary on the line For youthful folly it is the most hopeless thing to entangle itself in empty imaginings. The more obstinately it clings to such unreal fantasies, the more certainly will humiliation overtake it. Often the teacher, when confronted with such entangled folly, has no other course but to leave the fool to himself for a time, not sparing him the humiliation that results. This is frequently the only means of rescue.
Six in the fifth place means:
Childlike folly brings good fortune.
Commentary on the line An inexperienced person who seeks instruction in a childlike and unassuming way is on the right path, for the man devoid of arrogance who subordinated himself to his teacher will certainly be helped.
Nine at the top means:
In punishing folly
It does not further one
To commit transgressions.
The only thing that furthers
Is to prevent transgressions.
Commentary on the line Sometimes an incorrigible fool must be punished. He who will not heed will be made to feel. This punishment is quite different from a preliminary shaking up. But the penalty should not be imposed in anger; it must be restricted to an objective guarding against unjustified excesses. Punishment is never an end in itself but serves merely to restore order. This applies not only in regard to education but also in regard to the measures taken by a government against a populace guilty of transgressions. Governmental interference should always be merely preventive and should have as its sole aim the establishment of public security and peace.