CONTEMPLATION (VIEW) / Kuan
Hexagram: 20 Binary Sequence: 48 (110000)
Upper trigram: 5 (6) SUN / The Gentle / Wind & Wood
Lower trigram: 7 (0) K'UN / The Receptive / Earth
- (6) Release / RELEASE represent accumulated energy that seeks balance, and in the process of balancing itself, dissipates itself and its recipient ( lightening, Big Bang, inspiration)
- Release represent accumulated energy that seeks balance, and in the process of balancing itself, dissipates itself and its recipient. It is the initial outward movement that leads to expression. expression of Instance of this are lightening, Big Bang, inspiration.
The trigram shows the symbol of yin energy re-entering the solid yang. The new yin line comes in at the lowest place of 1, beginning, birth, plant, idea. The yang is still dominant as the middle line is still yang, so the transition is yang in nature.
The quadrant of AIR and FIRE is one of outward descending, or external yang. Here, the yang pole of the limits of sustainability has been reached, so there will be a natural movement in the opposite direction. When this extreme yang mixes with the yin there is a powerful release of yang energy, and the result is FIRE. The process of release is defined by the three states of trigram 6. This quadrant is outward because the process of creation is that of energy (yang) taking form (yin), and form exists in the outer world. Descending because the yang expands, and by doing so also dissipates itself.
- Negotiation: When the yang energy becomes complete, not only does it have nowhere left to go, but its existence depends on the yin at this point. Here, the yang is subservient to the yin.
- Definition: When yang meets yin it wants to release all of its energy and pushed against the limitations of the yin.
- Contribution: The yang finds expression in FIRE, even if at the cost of the yin.
- (0) EARTH / EARTH is the symbol of a perfect yin state. ( foundation, resources)
- EARTH represents the foundation upon which everything is built as well as the resources from which they are built. It is cardinal, winter solstice, inward, the non-moving point between deflation and inflation. Instance of this are resources, foundations, support.
The trigram shows the symbol of a perfect yin state.
The quadrant of EARTH exists between the dynamic properties of EMPTYING and FILLING and therefore represent the extreme yin pole, where the maximum point of EMPTYING is reached and where FILLING begins.
- Negotiation: A yin here indicates that anything can be negotiated, for it is receptive to anything, yin or yang.
- Definition: The emerging definitions are determined by the whatever is acting upon it.
- Contribution: The contribution of the yin is that is allows a yang to appear simply by its existence. It doesn't need to do anything, just as 0 implies 1 by its nothingness.
The ablution has been made, But not yet the offering.
Full of trust they look up to him.
An Explanation of the Judgment The sacrificial ritual in China began with an ablution and a libation by which the Deity was invoked, after which the sacrifice was offered. The moment of time between these two ceremonies is the most sacred of all, the moment of deepest inner concentration. If piety is sincere and expressive of real faith,the contemplation of it has a transforming awe-inspiring effect on those who witness it. Thus also in nature a holy seriousness is to be seen in the fact that natural occurrences are uniformly subject to law. Contemplation of the divine meaning underlying the workings of the universe gives to the man who is called upon to influence others the means of producing like effects. This requires that power of inner concentration which religious contemplation develops in great men strong in faith. It enables them to apprehend the mysterious and divine laws of life, and by means of profoundest inner concentration they give expression to these laws in their own persons. Thus a hidden spiritual power emanates from them, influencing and dominating others without their being aware of how it happens.
The 'IMAGE' of the hexagram The wind blows over the earth: The image of CONTEMPLATION. Thus the kings of old visited the regions of the world, Contemplated the people, And gave them instruction.
An Explanation of the 'IMAGE' When the wind blows over the earth it goes far and wide, and the grass must bend to its power. These two occurrences find confirmation in the hexagram.The two images are used to symbolize a practice of the kings of old; in making regular journeys the ruler could, in the first place, survey his realm and make certain that none of the existing usages of the people escaped notice; in the second, he could exert influence through which such customs as were unsuitable could be changed. All of this points to the power possessed by a superior personality. On the one hand, such a man will have a view of the real sentiments of the great mass of humanity and therefore cannot be deceived; on the other, he will impress the people so profoundly, by his mere existence and by the impact of his personality, that they will be swayed by him as the grassby the wind.
The Six Lines
Six at the beginning means:
Boy like contemplation.
For an inferior man, no blame.
For a superior man, humiliation.
Commentary on the line This means contemplation from a distance, without comprehension. A man of influence is at hand, abut his influence is not understood by the common people. This matters little in the case of the masses, for they benefit by the actions of the ruling sage whether they understand them or not. But for a superior man it is a disgrace. He must not content himself with a shallow,thoughtless view of prevailing forces; he must contemplate them as a connected whole and try to understand them.
Six in the second place means:
Contemplation through the crack of the door,
Furthering for the perseverance of a woman.
Commentary on the line Through the crack of the door one has a limited outlook; one looks outward from within. Contemplation is subjectively limited. One tends to relate everything to oneself and cannot put oneself in another's place and understand his motives. This is appropriate for a good housewife. It is not necessary for her to be conversant with the affairs of the world. But for a man who must take active part in public life, such a narrow, egoistic way of contemplating things is of course harmful.
Six in the third place means:
Contemplation of my life
Decides the choice
Between advance and retreat.
Commentary on the line This is the place of transition. We no longer look outward to receive pictures that are more or less limited and confused, but direct our contemplation upon ourselves in order to find a guideline for our decisions.This self-contemplation means the overcoming of naive egotism in the person who sees everything solely from his own standpoint. He begins to reflect and in this way acquires objectivity. However, self-knowledge does not mean preoccupation with one's own thoughts; rather, it means concern about the effects one creates. It is only the effects our lives produce that give us the right to judge whether what we have done means progress or regression.
Six in the fourth place means:
Contemplation of the light of the kingdom.
It furthers one to exert influence as the guest of a king.
Commentary on the line This describes a man who understands the secrets by which a kingdom can be made to flourish. Such a man must be given an authoritative position, in which he can exert influence. He should be, so to speak, a guest-that is, he should be honored and act independently, and should not be used as a tool.While the preceding line represents a man who contemplates himself, here in the highest place everything that is personal, related to the ego, is excluded. The picture is that of a sage who stands outside the affairs of the world. Liberated from his ego, he contemplates the laws of life and so realizes that knowing how to become free of blame is the highest good.
Six in the fifth place means:
Contemplation of my life.
The superior man is without blame.
Commentary on the line A man in an authoritative position to whom others look up must always be ready for self-examination. The right sort of self-examination, however, consists not in idle brooding over oneself but in examining the effects one produces. Only when these effects are good, and when one's influence on others is good, will the contemplation of one's own life bring the satisfaction of knowing oneself to be free of mistakes.
Six in the top place means:
Contemplation of his life.
The superior man is without blame.
Commentary on the line [missing]While the preceding line represents a man who contemplates himself, here in the highest place everything that is personal, related to the ego, is excluded. The picture is that of a sage who stands outside the affairs of the world. Liberated from his ego, he contemplates the laws of life and so realizes that knowing how to become free of blame is the highest good.